Encyclopedia of Parasitology

Living Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn

Bird Malaria

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27769-6_4957-1

Birds are worldwide infected with merozoites/schizonts of various Plasmodium species. In general there are no severe symptoms in infections (e.g., with P. relictum, P. cathemerium, or Pc elongatum). Apparently birds and these protozoans have a long history of coexistence. However, in nonadapted hosts (e.g., penguins or birds imported from far away) severe symptoms and death may occur. Vectors are – depending on the Plasmodium species – mosquitoes of the genera Aedes, Anopheles, or Culex.

Keywords

Severe Symptom Plasmodium Species Bird Malaria 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Further Reading

  1. Lindt S, Hörning B (1966) Über Malaria und Pinguine. Verhandl Erkrank Zootiere 8:223–231Google Scholar
  2. Seed TM, Manwell RD (1977) Plasmodia of birds. In: Kreier JP (ed) Parasitic protozoa, vol. 3, pp 133–357Google Scholar
  3. Valkunas G et al (2008) PCR-based identification of Plasmodium elongatum. Parasitol Res 102:1185–1193CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Zoomorphologie, Zellbiologie und ParasitologieHeinrich-Heine-UniversitätDüsseldorfGermany