Encyclopedia of Parasitology

Living Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn


  • Heinz Mehlhorn
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27769-6_4929-1

This component and other oligosaccharides of tick saliva (especially of Amblyomma americanum and Ixodesricinus) are claimed to initiate allergies in several humans that have eaten undercooked meat of cattle that had been infested with such ticks. Clear signs were found in the USA and similar ones are suspected after Ixodesricinus bites in Europe. Most common reactions in humans are urticaria and anaphylaxis.


Clear Sign Common Reaction Undercooked Meat Tick Saliva Amblyomma Americanum 
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Further Reading

  1. Commins SP et al (2011) The relevance of IgE antibodies to the mammalian oligosaccharide galactose-alpha-1,3-galactose. J Allergy Clin Immunol 127:1286–1293CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Zoomorphologie, Zellbiologie und ParasitologieHeinrich-Heine-UniversitätDüsseldorfGermany