Substances used/produced by arthropods for self-protection against different kinds of infectious agents, e.g., oxalic acid is ingested with food and excreted. The poison pederin is a polyketide, which is produced by symbiotic bacteria and contained in motile stages and eggs of some insects. Canthadirin (terpen anhydride) is produced by the endangered insects and excreted in cases of attacks of enemies. Cetonacytone acts similar which is produced by Actinomyces in the intestine of beetles.
KeywordsOxalic Acid Infectious Agent Symbiotic Bacterium Motile Stage Endangered Insect
- Dettner K (2011) Potential pharmaceuticals from insects. In: Vilcinskas A (ed) Insect biotechnology. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 95–119Google Scholar