Encyclopedia of Parasitology

Living Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn

Onchocerciasis Transmission

  • Heinz Mehlhorn
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27769-6_4789-1

Onchocerciasis in savannah zones has a generally more severe impact on humans than on the population in the forest, although there the vector flies transmit more infectious larvae than the flies in the savannah. Recent comparative studies showed that either a multiplicity of factors contribute to the observed different disease levels or that many parasite strains exist showing contradictory transmission rates.


Transmission Rate Severe Impact Disease Level Parasite Strain Recent Comparative Study 
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Further Reading

  1. Cheke RA, Gams R (2013) Indices of onchocerciasis transmission by different members of the Simulium damnosum complex conflict with the paradigm of forest and savannah parasite strains. Actatropica 125:43–52Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Zoomorphologie, Zellbiologie und ParasitologieHeinrich-Heine-UniversitätDüsseldorfGermany