Encyclopedia of Parasitology

Living Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn

Bed Bug Control

  • Heinz Mehlhorn
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27769-6_4536-1
Occurrence of bed bugs ( Cimex lectularius, Fig. 1) became a major concern not only in housing facilities of families with low income but also in hotels of any grading and in many other domicils. Furthermore aircrafts are more and more endangered, especially since methyl bromide has been withdrawn in Europe. Heat control in different forms of aircraft was considered as a direct means to replace methyl bromide reaching efficacy rates of 92–95 %; however, this procedure needs time and recirculating repetitions of the treatment. Thus this method is too expensive. On the other hand, pyrethroid resistance in Cimex lectulariusis progressing in many countries of the world. Especially knockdown resistance (kdr) to pyrethroids has been shown to be associated with the occurrence of two-point-mutations in the voltage-gated sodium channel α-subunit gene. However, resistances have also been described against carbamates and even against organophosphates. The use of diatomaceous earth (dusts) were...


Diatomaceous Earth Methyl Bromide Housing Facility Pyrethroid Resistance Heat Control 
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Further Reading

  1. Adelman ZN et al (2011) Deep sequencing of pyrethroid-resistant bed bugs reveals multiple mechanisms of resistance. PLoS One 6, e26228CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  2. Pereira RM et al (2009) Lethal effects of heat and use of localized heat treatment for control of bed bugs. J Econ Entomol 102:1182–1188CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Wang C et al (2012) Comparison of three bed bug management strategies in a low income building. Insects 3:402–404CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  4. Zhu F et al (2010) Widespread knockdown resistance in bed bugs. Arch Insect Biochem Physiol 73:245–257PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Zoomorphologie, Zellbiologie und ParasitologieHeinrich-Heine-UniversitätDüsseldorfGermany