Encyclopedia of Parasitology

Living Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn

Schistosomatidae

  • Heinz Mehlhorn
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27769-6_4487-1

Name

Greek: schizein = splitting; soma = body

This family of digenetic trematodes includes two subfamilies:
  1. 1.
    Schistosomatinae (including the species in humans and vertebrates) (Table 1)
    Table 1

    Important species in vertebrate animals – some may also occur in humans

    Species

    Size ♀ mm

    Intermediate host: snails

    Final hosts

    Schistosoma bovis

    12–32

    Bulinus spp.

    Cattle, sheep, camels, rodents, monkeys, man

    S. curassoni

    15–25

    Bulinus spp.

    Ruminants

    S. indicum

    10–25

    Indoplanorbis spp.

    Ruminants, cames

    S. spindale

    10–16

    Indoplanorbis spp.

    Ruminants

    S. nasale

    10–12

    Indoplanorbis spp.

    Ruminants

    Orientobilharzia turkestania

    8–10

    Lymnaea spp.

    Ruminants, horses, camels

    Heterobilharzia americana

    10–18

    Lymnaea spp.

    Racoons, lynx, roe deer, dog, opossum

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Further Reading

  1. Tolstenkov OO et al (2012) The neuromuscular system in freshwater furcocercaria: Schistosomatidae. Parasitol Res 110:185–193CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Zoomorphologie, Zellbiologie und ParasitologieHeinrich-Heine-UniversitätDüsseldorfGermany