Encyclopedia of Parasitology

Living Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn

Tunga trimamillata

  • Heinz Mehlhorn
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27769-6_4450-1
Tunga trimamillata is a sand flea species (jigger) parasitizing cattle, goats, sheep, pigs, and humans in South America (Ecuador, Peru, Brazil). It is different to Tunga penetrans (see Table 1 of Linardi et al. 2013), when looking at the body of the fully fed female (neosome).
Table 1

Some differential characteristics between females of T. penetrans and T. trimamillata


T. penetrans

T. trimamillata

Neosome: shape

Globular without humps

Conical with three anterior humps

Neosome: size length/width/height (mm)

6 × 5 × 5

12 × 5 × 5

Maxillary palps: decreasing order of segments

II > I > IV > III

I > II > IV > III

Spermatheca: length bulga/hilla (μm)

217.5 × 62.5

295.2 × 59.0

Spermatheca: width bulga/hilla (μm)

142.5 × 32.5

201.7 × 22.1


Flea Species Sand Flea Parasitizing Cattle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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  1. Linardi PM et al (2013) Establishment of Tunga trimamillata in Brazil. Parasitol Res 112:3239–3242CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Further Reading

  1. Fioravanti ML et al (2006) Presence of Tunga trimamillata in Peru. Parasite 13:85–86PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Zoomorphologie, Zellbiologie und ParasitologieHeinrich-Heine-UniversitätDüsseldorfGermany