Encyclopedia of Parasitology

Living Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn

Trypanosoma Species of Reptiles

  • Heinz Mehlhorn
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27769-6_4441-1

The knowledge on Trypanosoma species of reptiles is rather poor compared to that on Trypanosoma species of cattle, horses, humans, birds, etc. Many species (e.g., T. butantanense, T. varani, T. salamante, T. phylodriasi) had been described in their reptile hosts; however, the life cycles remained mainly in the dark. Phylogenetic analyses of species from snakes showed similarities to those of lizards. Thus the newly described species T. serpentis from the snakes Pseudoboa nigra and T. cascavelli from Crotalus durissus/terrificus belong to the lizard/snake clade too. However, vectors are mostly unknown but are surely different, when final hosts live in water or in land biotopes.


Life Cycle Phylogenetic Analysis Final Host Trypanosoma Species Reptile Host 
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Further Reading

  1. Viola LB et al (2009) Phylogenetic analyses based on small subunit rRNA and glycosomal glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase genes and ultrastructural characterization of two snake trypanosomes: T. serpentis and T. cascavelli. J Eukaryot Microbiol 56:594–602CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Zoomorphologie, Zellbiologie und ParasitologieHeinrich-Heine-UniversitätDüsseldorfGermany