Encyclopedia of Parasitology

Living Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn

Syphilis

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27769-6_4360-1

Name

The syphilis is named after the mythical shepherd Syphilos who was punished by the Olympic gods for blasphemy with a novel disease. The other name lues actually simply means epidemic, but it has been established to mean syphilis in particular.

History

One theory explains that syphilis was allegedly endemic in the New World and introduced to Europe by Spanish naval discoverers (leading to syphilis epidemics in Europe 1495, in India 1498, in China 1505). The other theory postulates that the syphilis already came from Central Africa to Europe in old Greek times. Today the disease is worldwide spread among humans.

Pathogen

The spirally coiled bacterium Treponema pallidum (old name Spirochaeta pallida; Fig. 1).

Keywords

Infected Person Arsenic Compound Notifiable Disease Serologic Method Serologic Diagnosis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Zoomorphologie, Zellbiologie und ParasitologieHeinrich-Heine-UniversitätDüsseldorfGermany