Encyclopedia of Parasitology

Living Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn

Malaria: History of a Worldwide Epidemic

  • Heinz MehlhornEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27769-6_4042-1

History and Significance

Plagues have threatened humans since their early days – nowadays with increasing importance (Hacker 2003; Grüntzig and Mehlhorn 2010, Figs. 1, 2, and 3). Malaria, which comes from the Italian/Latin (mala aria = bad air), is still the most significant tropical disease to this day. Approximately one million children (especially children <5 years of age) die of this epidemic each year out of an annual total of some 247 million deaths worldwide (WHO 2008). That translates to at least 2,000–3,000 victims every day, whose fate is barely acknowledged in the press, while even the tiniest local misfortune receives widespread public attention through the media. Even though malaria only affects humans and thus there seemed to be a good chance of eradicating it, its status as a major killer has remained largely unchanged. This is due to various factors. While the World Health Organization (WHO) has made tremendous efforts to eradicate malaria since the Second World War,...
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References

  1. Garnham P (1966) Malaria parasites and other haemosporidia. Blackwell, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  2. Grüntzig J, Mehlhorn H (2010) Expeditions into the Empire of plagues. Düsseldorf University Press, DüsseldorfGoogle Scholar
  3. Hacker J (2003) Humans, diseases and microbes: infections and their agents (in German). C. H. Beck, Wissen, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  4. Mattingly P (1976) Evolution of the malarias: the problems of origins. Parasitologia 18:1–8Google Scholar
  5. WHO (2003) Preface of world health day. WHO Publ., GenevaGoogle Scholar
  6. WHO (2008) World malaria report 2008Google Scholar

Further Readings

  1. Jensen M, Mehlhorn H (2009) 75 years of Resochin® in the fight against malaria. Düsseldorf University Press, DüsseldorfGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für ZoomorphologieZellbiologie und Parasitologie Universitätsstraße 1DüsseldorfGermany