Encyclopedia of Parasitology

Living Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn

Chabertia ovina

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27769-6_4036-1

Name

Philip Chabert (1737–1814): French scientist and veterinarian in Lyon. Latin: ovis = sheep; esophagus = esophagus. English: Large-mouthed bowel worm.

Geographic Distribution/Epidemiology

Worldwide, mainly in sheep, goats, and rarely in cattle and wild ruminants. In sheep, prevalence rates of up to 90 % were reached.

Morphology/Life Cycle

The cylindric whitish worms reach as males a length of 12-16 mm and as females 20 mm. They are characterized by a large mouth capsule which is surrounded by numerous small cuticular teeth. The esophagus shows a typical constriction. The posterior end of the males is provided with a bursa copulatrix and two long spicula (Fig. 1). The females excrete nonembryonated eggs, which measure 70–100 μm × 40–60 μm. Depending on the temperature, the larva 1 hatches within 5–8 days and develops within 5–10 days into the sheathed infectious larva 3, which is swallowed by the next host or the same host (see Infectious larvae of nematodes). The sheath is...

Keywords

Oral Uptake Intestinal Wall Microscopical Determination Concentration Method Mucous Layer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Further Reading

  1. Liu GH et al (2014) Chabertia erschowi is a distinct species based on nuclear ribosomal DNA sequences and mitochondrial DNA sequences. Parasit Vectors. doi:10.1186/1786/1756-3305-7-44Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Zoomorphologie, Zellbiologie und Parasitologie Universitätsstraße 1DüsseldorfGermany