Encyclopedia of Parasitology

Living Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn

Bilharziella polonica

  • Heinz Mehlhorn
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27769-6_396-2

This schistosomal species parasitizes in the mesenterial veins and in the vena portae of goose, ducks, and other water birds. Intermediate hosts are Planorbarius and Planorbis snails. Infections of birds lead to symptoms of schistosomiasis. In case that cercariae of this species enter the skin of humans, they induce a disease called “swimmer’s itch” or “cercarial dermatitis,” which is characterized by itching inflammations and reddening at the penetration sites. The adult worms in final hosts are only 2 mm in length and occur in birds in Europe, Asia, Africa, and North America.


North America Intermediate Host Adult Worm Species Parasitizes Final Host 
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Further Reading

  1. Rzad I et al (2013) Digenean communities of the tufted duck and greater scoup. J Helminthol 87:230–239CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Zoomorphologie, Zellbiologie und ParasitologieHeinrich-Heine-UniversitätDüsseldorfGermany