Encyclopedia of Parasitology

Living Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn

Bilharz, Theodor (1825–1862)

  • Heinz Mehlhorn
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27769-6_395-2

He studied zoology and human medicine at the universities of Freiburg and Tübingen (Germany). During his leave at the medical school Kasr-el-Aim in Cairo (Egypt), he described in 1853, as a young MD, the adult schistosomes and their eggs in the blood vessels of the ureter and bladder of patients and animals. The German chief of Bilharz (Prof. von Siebold) published the results (1852) under the name of Bilharz and called the worms Distomus haematobium (due to the existence of two suckers at the anterior end of the adults). Later on the pathologist Meckel von Hernsbach (1821–1856) established in 1855 the genus name Bilharzia, while Weinland (1829–1915) introduced the name Schistosoma. However, the genus name Bilharzia was kept until 1905, and the disease was named bilharziosis. Although the priority of the name Bilharzia is undoubted, the English-based literature uses as genus name Schistosomastarting after the First World War. However, today the Theodor Bilharz Research Institute in...


Blood Vessel Medical School Tropical Disease Human Medicine Adult Schistosome 
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Further Reading

  1. Enigk K (1986) History of helminthology in German speaking countries. G. Fischer, StuttgartGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Zoomorphologie, Zellbiologie und ParasitologieHeinrich-Heine-UniversitätDüsseldorfGermany