Encyclopedia of Parasitology

Living Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn

Hookworms of Animals

  • Heinz Mehlhorn
Living reference work entry

Latest version View entry history

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27769-6_3945-2


Greek: ankylos = bended, arc; stoma = mouth; cephalon = brain, head; kephale = head; stenas = tight; phlebos = blood vessel, cavity; Latin: uncinatus = hook-like, bended; tubaeforma = tube-like; trigonus = triangle; mucronatus = pointed; longus = globiceps =with round tips; English = hookworms.

Geographic Distribution/Eepidemiology


Geographical distribution


Ancylostoma caninum

Subtropical, tropical zones

Canids, foxes

Ancylostoma tubaeforme



Ancylostoma braziliense

Central, South America, Africa, South Asia, Australia

Dogs, cats

Ancylostoma ceylanicum

Asia, South America

Dogs, cats

Bunostomum phlebotomum


Cattle, goats, stags

Bunostomum trigonoceühalum



Globocephalus ursosublatus

Moderate, subtropical climates


Uncinaria stenocephala

Moderate climates

Canids, dogs, rarely felids


Prepatent Period Paratenic Host Larva Migrans Bursa Copulatrix Genital Opening 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Further Readings

  1. Bowman DD et al (2003) Persistent efficacy of moxidectin against experimental infections in puppies with Ancylostoma caninum and Uncinaria stenocephala in dogs. Vet Ther 4:228–233PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Bowman DD et al (2010) Hookworms of dogs and cats as agents of cutaneous larva migrans. Trends Parasitol 26:162–167CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Heukelbach J, Feldmeier H (2008) Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of hookworm-related cutaneous larva migrans. Lancet Infect Dis 8:302–309CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Liu Y et al (2013) Molecular identification of Ancylostoma caninum isolated from cats in Southern China based on complete ITS sequence. Bio Med Res Int 2013, ID 868050Google Scholar
  5. Ramos P et al (2013) Morphometric and molecular characterization of the species Uncinaria parasitic in the Australian fur seal with note on hookworms in three other pinniped hosts. Syst Parasitol 85:65–78CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Reperant LA et al (2007) Influence of urbanization on the epidemiology of intestinal helminthes of the red fox. Parasitol Res 101:605–611CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Wasyl K et al (2013) Molecular cloning and expression of the cDNA sequence encoding a novel aspartic protease from Uncinaria stenocephala. Exp Parasitol 134:220–227CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für ZoomorphologieZellbiologie und Parasitologie Universitätsstraße 1DüsseldorfGermany