Greek: gnathos = jaw; stoma = mouth; hispidus = thorny; dolor = pain spinosus = thorny, with little teeth.
G. spinigerum: hosts are cats, dogs, humans in Asia, America, Africa: infected tourists in Europe; ♂ = 10–30 mm; ♀ = ~50 mm.
G. hispidium: hosts are pigs, occasionally numerous cases in Europe and Asia. ♂ = 20 mm; ♀ = 25 mm.
G. doloresi: hosts are pigs (occasionally humans) in the Philippines, India and Asia; ♂ = 20–23 mm; ♀ = 29.34 mm.
- Ramirez-Avilar L (2009) Eosinophilic due to Angiostrongylus and Gnathostoma species. Emerg Infect 48:322–323Google Scholar