Encyclopedia of Parasitology

Living Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn

Gastrodiscoides species

  • Heinz Mehlhorn
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27769-6_3903-1

Name

Greek: gaster = stomach;discoides = disk-like. Latin: hominis = belonging to humans; aegyptiacus = Egyptian. English: Amphistomal fluke.

Geographic Distribution/Epidemiology

In India, Indochina, Java, Philippines, Japan about five to ten millions of humans are infected according to the estimations of the WHO. Horses in North Africa.

Morphology/Life Cycle

The digenetic flukes G. hominis and G. aegyptiacus reach a size of 5–10 × 5 mm and parasitize in humans in the colon respectively in horses (G. aegyptiacus). Their shape is characterized by a circularly enlarged posterior body region. The ventral sucker is placed like in all other amphistomid flukes at the posterior end (see Paramphistomum). The life cycle runs similar to that of Fasciolopsis buski. Rats and pigs function as “reserve hosts.”

Symptoms of Disease

Only in cases of mass infections diarrheas are initiated.

See Fasciolopsis buski, since most criteria and characteristics are very similar.

Keywords

Life Cycle Body Region Ventral Sucker Posterior Body Mass Infection 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Further Reading

  1. Brennan GP et al (1992) Studies on the ultrastructure and histochemistry of the lymph system of Gastrodiscoides hominis (Paramphistoma: Digenea). Int J Parasitol 22:479–489CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Goswami LM et al (2009) Molecular characterization of Gastrodiscoides hominis (Platyhelminthes: Trematoda: Digenea) inferred from ITS rDNA sequence analysis. Parasitol Res 104:1485–1490CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Zoomorphologie, Zellbiologie und ParasitologieHeinrich-Heine-UniversitätDüsseldorfGermany