Encyclopedia of Parasitology

Living Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn

Boophilus: Prevention and Control

  • Heinz Mehlhorn
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27769-6_3757-1
  1. 1.

    B. annulatus (so-called American cattle tick) occurs in Mexico and in some regions of Africa. It was eradicated from the USA.

     
  2. 2.

    B. decoloratus (so called Tropical cattle tick or Blue tick) occurs in regions of Central, East, and Southern Africa.

     
  3. 3.

    B. microplus (so-called Southern cattle tick) occurs in Latin America, Australia, Southeast Asia, and East and West Africa after being eradicated from the USA.

     
All these so-called one-host ticks are very important vectors of diseases of the animals of livestock, since they may transmit different Babesia species ( B. bovis, B. bigemina, B. divergens) and in addition Anaplasma marginale, A. centrale as well as Borrelia theileri) which all may be fatal for cattle. Even if there is no transmission of any agent of disease, the blood loss due to blood sucking of ticks may be enormous. E.g. it is calculated that only 50 engorging ticks cause an annual weight reduction of 5 kg per cattle and also reduction of milk products. Thus prevention...

Keywords

Cattle Breed Small Rodent Important Vector Medical Method Macrocyclic Lactone 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Zoomorphologie, Zellbiologie und ParasitologieHeinrich-Heine-UniversitätDüsseldorfGermany