Encyclopedia of Parasitology

Living Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn

Babesia Species

  • Heinz Mehlhorn
Living reference work entry

Latest version View entry history

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27769-6_3719-2


This genus of piroplasms (Protozoa, Alveolata, Apicomplexa = former Sporozoa) was named honoring the Romanian pathologist Victor Babès (1854–1926), who first described (1888) these parasites, which are very important agents of diseases in humans and especially in farmed animals.

Important Species

Table 1 lists a spectrum of species which are more or less well described. Some of them, however, have a doubtful, systematic position. For example, the former species B. equi has already been transferred by Mehlhorn and Schein ( 1998) to the genus Theileria due to the existence of a typical schizogony in the lymphocytes of horse before the further asexual reproduction inside the erythrocytes. Since B. microti (at least some strains) has a similar development in lymphocytes, it will probably also transferred to the genus Theileriain the future with respect to molecular biological findings and that its very small genome differs considerably from those of other babesians and especially...


Salivary Gland Tick Species Plasmodium Species Infected Erythrocyte Prepatent Period 
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Further Readings

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für ZoomorphologieZellbiologie und Parasitologie Universitätsstraße 1DüsseldorfGermany