Encyclopedia of Parasitology

Living Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn

Anaplasma Species of Animals

  • Heinz Mehlhorn
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27769-6_3613-1
There are several tick-transmitted bacteria of the genus Anaplasma, which infect mainly or exclusively animals in contrast to Anaplasma phagocytophilum, which also occurs in humans:
  • Anaplasma centrale is transmitted to cattle by Rhipicephalus simus ticks in South Africa inducing the benign bovine anaplasmosis.

  • Anaplasma marginale is transmitted by Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) species and by Dermacentor andersoni to a broad spectrum of ruminants worldwide in the tropical and subtropical countries inducing the Malignant bovine anaplasmosis.

  • Anaplasma mesaeterium is an apathogenic species that is transmitted by Haemaphysalis punctata and Ixodes ricinus ticks and is found in European sheep.

  • Anaplasma ovis is transmitted by Rhipicephalus and Dermacentor species to sheep and goats in the Mediterranean regions, the Near East, and in Africa inducing the anaplasmosis of the small ruminants.

  • Anaplasma platys (syn. Ehrlichia platys) is transmitted by ticks of the species Rhipicephalus sanguineus...

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Further Reading

  1. Fingerle V, Wilske B (2009) Ehrlichia, Anaplasma spp. And Neorickettsia spp. In: Neumeister B et al (eds) Microbiological diagnostics, 2nd edn. Thieme, StuttgartGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Zoomorphologie, Zellbiologie und ParasitologieHeinrich-Heine-UniversitätDüsseldorfGermany