Living reference work entry
Indian: tung = penetrating organism; Latin: penetrans = penetrating
Genus of fleas, Aphaniptera, family Tungidae
The genus Tunga (Tungidae) (Jarocki 1838) contains 13 described species so far. Main reservoir hosts are Artiodactyla, Xenarthra, Rodentia, and Felidae. Three species ( Tunga hexalobulata, T. penetrans, T. trimamillata) are known to parasitize in domestic animals, the last two infest humans, too, causing tungiasis. The genus is divided systematically into caecata and penetrans groups with respect to host range and morphological characteristics. Most members are distributed naturally in South and Middle America. Recent distribution of Tunga penetrans includes Africa. Tunga callida and T. caecigenaoccur naturally in China and Japan. Origin of genus is probably the Neotropics. The genus belongs to the most basal and together most...
- Hinz E (1996) Zur Verbreitung und Ausbreitung der Gattung Tunga (Siphonaptera:Pulicidae) unter besonderer Berücksichtigung von T. penetrans. Mitt Österr Ges Tropenmed Parasitol 18:173–182Google Scholar
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