Living reference work entry
Recent studies offer deeper insights into the genomes of apicomplexan parasites. It was shown that Leucocytozoon cauleryi and Plasmodium falciparum are rather similar. They contain DNA of 85.1 % AS + T and a unit of 34,779 bp encoding almost the same set of genes including 16 + RNA and 30 protein coding genes. Only one open reading frame (ORF91) is absent in L. caulleryi. Both species contain in their apicoplast DNA two sets of a unique inverted repeat (IR) or 5,253 bp and encoding genes specifying one large and one small rRNA subunit and 9 + RNAs but no protein and separated by a unique 13 bp sequence. The phylogeny of the apicoplast genomes is depicted in Fig. 1 (Imura et al. 2014).
KeywordsCode Gene Protein Code Gene Plasmodium Falciparum Protein Code Deep Insight
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