Encyclopedia of Parasitology

Living Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn

Apicoplast Genomes

  • Heinz Mehlhorn
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27769-6_3514-1
Recent studies offer deeper insights into the genomes of apicomplexan parasites. It was shown that Leucocytozoon cauleryi and Plasmodium falciparum are rather similar. They contain DNA of 85.1 % AS + T and a unit of 34,779 bp encoding almost the same set of genes including 16 + RNA and 30 protein coding genes. Only one open reading frame (ORF91) is absent in L. caulleryi. Both species contain in their apicoplast DNA two sets of a unique inverted repeat (IR) or 5,253 bp and encoding genes specifying one large and one small rRNA subunit and 9 + RNAs but no protein and separated by a unique 13 bp sequence. The phylogeny of the apicoplast genomes is depicted in Fig. 1 (Imura et al. 2014).

Keywords

Code Gene Protein Code Gene Plasmodium Falciparum Protein Code Deep Insight 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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References

  1. Imura T et al (2014) The apicoplast genome of Leucocytozoon caulleryi, a pathogenic apicomplexan parasite of the chicken. Parasitol Res 113:823–828CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Further Reading

  1. Arisue N et al (2012) The Plasmodium apicoplast genome: conserved structure and close relationship of P. ovale to rodent malaria parasites. Mol Biol Evol 29:2095–2099CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Zoomorphologie, Zellbiologie und ParasitologieHeinrich-Heine-UniversitätDüsseldorfGermany