Encyclopedia of Parasitology

Living Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn

Streblidae (Bat Flies)

  • Carl W. Dick
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27769-6_3463-1

Overview

The family Streblidae, or bat flies, is a small family of Diptera containing members that are exclusively ectoparasitic upon bats. The Streblidae, along with three other fly families (Nycteribiidae, Hippoboscidae, and Glossinidae), are members of the calyptrate superfamily Hippoboscoidea. Hippoboscoid Diptera are obligate blood feeders that prey on mammals and birds (Dick and Patterson 2006). So far, streblid flies have not been implicated in the maintenance or transmission of zoonotic agents (Dick and Dittmar 2014).

Morphology

Streblid flies possess several distinguishing morphological features, but across the family, these can be highly variable (Figs. 1, 2, 3, and 4; Wenzel and Peterson 1987). Generally, all species possess relatively small eyes with few facets, are uniformly light tan in color, and possess strong, bristlelike setae. Some forms are the typical muscoid type, whereas others are strongly dorsoventrally compressed and others strongly laterally compressed and...
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References

  1. Dick CW (2007) High host specificity of obligate ectoparasites. Ecol Entomol 32:446–450CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Dick CW, Dittmar K (2014) Parasitic bat flies (Diptera: Streblidae and Nycteribiidae): host specificity and potential as vectors. In: Klimpel S, Melhorn H (eds) Parasitology research monographs (vol. 5): Bats (Chiroptera) as vectors of diseases and parasites. Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg, pp 131–155CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Dick CW, Patterson BD (2006) Bat flies: obligate ectoparasites of bats. In: Morand S, Krasnov B, Poulin R (eds) Micromammals and macroparasites: from evolutionary ecology to management. Springer, Tokyo, pp 179–194CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Dick CW, Patterson BD (2007) Against all odds: explaining high host specificity in dispersal-prone parasites. Int J Parasitol 37:871–876CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Dittmar K, Porter ML, Murray S, Whiting MF (2006) Molecular phylogenetic analysis of nycteribiid and streblid bat flies (Diptera: Brachycera, Calyptratae): implications for host associations and phylogeographic origins. Mol Phylogenet Evol 38:155–170CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Dittmar K, Morse SF, Dick CW, Patterson BD (2015) Bat fly evolution from the Eocene to the present (Hippoboscoidea, Streblidae and Nycteribiidae). In: Morand S, Krasnov B, Littlewood T (eds) Parasite diversity and diversification: evolutionary ecology meets phylogenetics. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 246–264Google Scholar
  7. Fritz GN (1983) Biology and ecology of the bat flies (Diptera: Streblidae) on bats of the genus Carollia. J Med Entomol 20:1–10CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Overal WL (1980) Host-relations of the bat fly Megistopoda aranea (Diptera: Streblidae) in Panama. Univ Kans Sci Bull 52:1–20Google Scholar
  9. Wenzel RL, Peterson BV (1987) Streblidae. In: McAlpine JF, Peterson BV, Shewell GE, Teskey HJ, Vockeroth JR, Wood DM (eds) Manual of nearctic diptera, vol 2. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, pp 1293–1301Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BiologyWestern Kentucky UniversityBowling GreenUSA
  2. 2.Integrative Research Center, Field Museum of Natural HistoryChicagoUSA