Encyclopedia of Parasitology

Living Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn

Xenopsylla cheopis

  • Heinz Mehlhorn
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27769-6_3437-2


Greek: xenos = foreign, psylla = flea, cheops = Egyptian pharaoh.

General Information

Tropical rat flea (described by Rothschildt), vector of the agent of the plague ( Yersinia pestis). This flea, which has no ctenidia at the head or notum, reaches a length of 1.5–2 mm and is now found worldwide (Figs. 1 and 2). Other Xenopsylla spp. are X. braziliensis (African rat flea, first described in Brazil, but important in Africa and India) and X. asiatica (syn. X. astia) found in Sri Lanka. General development see Fleas.


General Information General Development Yersinia Pestis 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Zoomorphologie, Zellbiologie und ParasitologieHeinrich-Heine-UniversitätDüsseldorfGermany