Encyclopedia of Parasitology

Living Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn

Babesiacidal Drugs

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27769-6_338-2

Economic Importance

Members of the genus Babesia occur throughout the world and may cause a wide range of clinical syndromes in most domestic animals and humans due to differences in virulence within each Babesia species. They are transmitted by hard ticks (Ixodidae) during blood meals and may produce diseases in their hosts, which are characterized by an acute febrile reaction, jaundice, hemolytic anemia, hemoglobinuria, and variable mortality. The babesiosis is of major economic importance in cattle because the majority of about 1.2 billion cattle in the world are potentially exposed to Babesia spp. because of the extensive husbandry methods employed in raising these animals. Babesia spp. infections may also occur by the frequent introduction of Babesia-free animals into Babesia-enzootic areas and by introduction of tick vectors and Babesia spp. into clean zones. The greatest economic loss is due to Babesiaspp. infections in cattle, particularly in the USA, Australia (State of...

Keywords

Macrocyclic Lactone Tick Control Tick Vector Cinchona Alkaloid Babesia Species 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Zoomorphologie, Zellbiologie und ParasitologieHeinrich-Heine-UniversitätDüsseldorfGermany