This disease received its name with respect to the district Tulare in California (the USA), where in the year 1912 the two American scientists McCoy and Chapin isolated a bacterium from a squirrel showing plaque-like symptoms of disease and called it Bacterium tularensis. Since 1974 this agent of disease is listed as Francisella tularensis honoring E. Francis, who detected the relations between the plaque-like symptoms of rodents, rabbits, etc. and the symptoms of humans, which had been described by varying names such as deer fly fever, Ohara’s disease (in Japan), Francis’ disease, market men’s disease, rabbit fever (in the USA), or lemming fever (in Norway). The second species F. philomiragia is found in the waters of the Atlantic and in the Mediterranean Sea, but is of low virulence.
The agents of disease are distributed in their animal hosts (rodents, rabbits, hares, beavers, etc.) in countries of the Northern Hemisphere (the USA, China,...
- Grunow R (2009) Francisella spp. In: Neumeister B (ed) Microbiological diagnostic, 2nd edn. Thieme, StuttgartGoogle Scholar