Encyclopedia of Parasitology

Living Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn

Tick-Borne Encephalitis

  • Heinz Mehlhorn
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27769-6_3180-2



General Information

Tick-borne encephalitis is caused by the TBE virus (Flavivirus, group B) which is also called Hypr virus. It is a disease clinically similar to Russian spring-summer encephalitis. A frequent route of infection is oral, by drinking the milk of infected domestic animals. The main vector is Ixodes ricinus, a tick found throughout Europe, including Turkey, and the Atlas region of North Africa. The TBE virus has a tendency to spread westwards throughout the area of vector distribution. In Austria it is a serious menace and it has more recently widely occurred in West Germany, where mortalities were initially high. I. ricinus is also associated with louping ill.



General Information Domestic Animal Vector Distribution Main Vector Ixodes Ricinus 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Zoomorphologie, Zellbiologie und ParasitologieHeinrich-Heine-UniversitätDüsseldorfGermany