Encyclopedia of Parasitology

Living Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn

Schistosoma Species

  • Heinz Mehlhorn
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27769-6_2822-2

Name and Biology

Greek: schizein = divide; soma = body. The name refers to the fact that this genus, which formerly had been described as Bilharzia has two sexes in contrast to other Digenea.

This genus of the digenetic trematodes within the worm phylum Platyhelminthes (= flat worm) contains several species, which produce in contrast to the other hermaphroditic trematodes male and female individuals. The development of a single schistosomal worm includes several stages (adult worm, egg, miracidium, sporocysts, cercaria, schistosomulum), which parasitizes final hosts (humans, vertebrates) and intermediate hosts (water snails).

All Schistosoma species are not host specific, and thus some common and relevant species were presented here in two groups: (1) those which are important for humans and (2) those which are important for animals living close to humans. Their general life cycle is shown in Fig. 1.
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Further Reading

  1. Becker B et al (1980) LM and TEM studies on the effect of praziquantel on Schistosoma mansoni, Dicrocoelium dendriticum and Fasciola hepatica. Parasitol Res 63:113–128Google Scholar
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  3. Dvorak J et al (2002) Comparison of European Trichobilharzia species based on ITS1 and ITS2 sequences. Parasitology 124:307–313CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Gabriel S et al (2007) Perinatal priming of calves borne to Schistosoma mattheei-infected dams. Vet Parasitol 144:61–67CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Gönnert R (1955) Schistosomiasis. Studien I, II. Z Tropenmed Parasitol 6:1–51Google Scholar
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  8. Lemaitre M et al (2013) Coinfection with Plasmodium falciparum and Schistosoma heamatobium: additional evidence of the protective effect of schistosomiasis on malaria in Senegalese children. Am J Trop Med Hyg. doi:10.4269/ajtmh.12-0431PubMedGoogle Scholar
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  12. Mehlhorn H et al (1983) Ultrastructural investigations of the effects of praziquantel on human trematodes from Asia (Clonorchis sinensis, Metagonimus yokogawai, Opisthorchis viverrini, Paragonimus westermani, Schistosoma japonicum). Drug Res 33:91–98Google Scholar
  13. Moné M et al (2000) The distribution of Schistosoma bovis. Adv Parasitol 44:99–138CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für ZoomorphologieZellbiologie und Parasitologie Universitätsstraße 1DüsseldorfGermany