Encyclopedia of Parasitology

Living Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn

Pulex irritans

  • Heinz Mehlhorn
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27769-6_2599-2


Latin: pulex = flea, irritare = disturb; English: human flea; French: puce.


Genus of the insect order Aphaniptera.

General Information

The worldwide occuring flea Pulex irritans (Figs. 1, 2, and 3) is found besides humans on many hosts, now especially on foxes. It is rather large in size (3.5–5 mm), the females lay up to 450 eggs, which develop within 14 days (at 18–27 °C) into pupae, and give rise to adults in about 7–10 days. However, the adults can also wait inside the puparium for half year. They are proven vectors of agents of plaque, erysipeloid, and the tapeworm Dipylidium caninum. Fleas.


General Information Insect Order Proven Vector Dipylidium Caninum Pulex Irritans 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Zoomorphologie, Zellbiologie und ParasitologieHeinrich-Heine-UniversitätDüsseldorfGermany