Encyclopedia of Parasitology

Living Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn


  • Horst Aspöck
  • Gerhard Dobler
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27769-6_255-2

General Information

Arboviruses (arthropod-borne) is a collective name for those viruses which (1) replicate in certain arthropods and (2) in certain vertebrates and which are (3) transmitted by bloodsucking arthropods between their vertebrate hosts with the saliva during their blood meals. The biological (=cyclic) transmission with replication of the virus in the arthropod is a crucial criterion. A virus adhering to the mouthparts of a bloodsucking arthropod and transmitted mechanically without prior replication in the salivary glands is not an arbovirus. Thus, arbovirus is only an ecological and biological term without any phylogenetic relevance (Fig. 1).


Yellow Fever Vertebrate Host Rift Valley Fever African Swine Fever Virus Japanese Encephalitis Virus 
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  1. Downs WB (1989) Arboviruses. In: Evans AS (ed) Viral Infections in Humans. Plenum Press, pp. 105–132Google Scholar
  2. Monath TP (ed) (1988) Arboviruses. In: Epidemiology and Ecology (Vol 1). CRC PressGoogle Scholar
  3. Vasilakis N, Gubler DJ (eds.) (2016) Arboviruses: Molecular biology, evolution and control. Caister Academic PressGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Abteilung für Medizinische ParasitologieKlinisches Institut für Hygiene und Medizinische Mikrobiologie, Medizinische Universität WienWienAustria
  2. 2.Bundeswehr Institute of MicrobiologyMunichGermany