Encyclopedia of Parasitology

Living Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn

Pediculus humanus corporis

  • Heinz Mehlhorn
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27769-6_2353-2

Name

Latin: pediculus = small foot, humanus = human, corpus = body; French: pou, German: Kleiderlaus.

Synonyms

General Information

This louse is larger than P. h. capitis reaching a length of about 4.5 mm (Figs. 1 and 2). The mean time for the development of one generation takes about 15–25 days; lower temperatures increase the time needed. Body lice suck all 5 h; however, they may starve much longer than head lice, which survive 1–2 days at the maximum (mostly much less). Body lice starve for 10 days (at 0–6 °C), 7 days (at 10–20 °C), 2 days at (25–30 °C), but only 1 day at 35–37 °C. Body lice are important vectors of agents of diseases, e.g., Rickettsia prowazeki (agent of louse-borne spotted typhus), Prowazek.

Keywords

Life Cycle Human Body General Information Head Louse Important Vector 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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References

  1. Mehlhorn H (2011) Head lice and their control. A long lasting story. In: Preedy VR (2011) Handbook of hair in health and disease. Wageningen Academic Publishers; pp. 355–386Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Zoomorphologie, Zellbiologie und ParasitologieHeinrich-Heine-UniversitätDüsseldorfGermany