Encyclopedia of Parasitology

Living Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn

Koch, Robert (1843–1910)

  • Heinz Mehlhorn
Living reference work entry

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27769-6_1681-3
German physician (Figs. 1, 2, 3, and 4), who received 1905 the Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology for the discovery of the agent of tuberculosis in the year 1882. He was the first to describe the anthrax bacterium ( Bacillus anthracis) ( 1876) and the tubercle bacillus ( 1882) and to demonstrate in 1884 the agent of the cholera ( Vibrio cholerae). He and his coworkers also contributed important knowledge on trypanosomiasis and to babesiosis as well as theileriasis. He ameliorated techniques for microscopy of bacteria and made first photos of those “New World agents” being supported by the famous German microscopy developers Ernst Abbé (1840–1905) and Carl Zeiss (1810–1888). He formulated the famous still today valid postulations, which have to be fulfilled for a full description of an agent of disease:


Infectious Disease Experimental Animal Chemical Compound Pure Culture Nobel Prize 
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  1. Koch R (1876) Die Aetiologie der Milzbrand-Krankheit, begründet auf die Entwicklungsgeschichte des Bacillus anthracis. Beiträge zur Biologie der Pflanzen 2:277–310Google Scholar
  2. Koch R (1882) Ueber die Aetiologie der Tuberculose. Verhandl. Congress Innere Medicin; J.F. Bergmann, WiesbadenGoogle Scholar
  3. Koch R (1884) Ueber die Cholerabakterien. Dt Med Wschr 10:725–728CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Further Reading

  1. Grüntzig J, Mehlhorn H (eds) (2010) Expeditions into the Empire of plaques. Düsseldorf University Press and Springer Spektrum, Heidelberg, with coauthors of the Kitasato Museum, Robert Koch Institute, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  2. Grüntzig J, Mehlhorn H (2010) Robert Koch: Plaque hunter and Nobel Prize winner. Springer Spektrum, HeidelbergGoogle Scholar
  3. Koch R (1890) Weitere Mitteilungen über ein Heilmittel gegen Tuberculose. Dt med Wschr 16:1029–1031CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Koch R (1897) Ueber neue Tuberculinpräparate. Dt med Wschr 23:209–213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Koch R (1898) Reiseberichte über Rinderpest, Bubonenpest in Indien und Africa, Tsetse oder Surra-Krankheit, Texasfieber, tropische Malariafieber, Schwarzwasserfieber. Springer, BerlinCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Koch R (1900) Dritter Bericht über die Tätigkeit der Malaria-Expedition. Dt me Wschr 26:281–284CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Koch R (1903) Zur Bekämpfung der Malaria. Zschr Hyg Infectionskrankh 43:1–4Google Scholar
  8. Koch R (1904) Ueber die Trypanosomenkrankheiten. Dt med Wschr 30:1705–1711CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Koch R (1904) Fouth report on African East Coast fever. In: Presented to the Legislative Council of GermanyGoogle Scholar
  10. Koch R (1906) Beiträge zur Entwicklungsgeschichte der Piroplasmen. 2. Hyg Infectionskrankh 54:1–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Koch R (1907) Schlussbericht über die Tätigkeit der Deutschen Expedition zur Erforschung der Schlafkrankheit. Dt med Wschr 33:1884–1895CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für ZoomorphologieZellbiologie und Parasitologie, Universitätsstraße 1DüsseldorfGermany