Living reference work entry
In the protozoan genera Plasmodium (e.g., agents of malaria), Babesia, and Theileria, the zygote ( Gametes) develops into a motile stage (Figs. 1 and 3) that is able to leave the intestine of the vectors ( mosquitoes or ticks). In Plasmodium, the whole spherical zygote stretches and becomes a slender so-called ookinete. In piroplasms, the kinetes (Fig. 2) develop inside a vacuole of the zygote (Fig. 1). Both kinetes and ookinetes (more correct would be zygotokinetes) are diploid and start early with meiotic nuclear divisions (Figs. 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7, p. 682, 683).
KeywordsNuclear Division Genus Plasmodium Motile Stage Protozoan Genus Meiotic Nuclear Division
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