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Biomimetics

  • Living reference work entry
  • First Online:
Encyclopedia of Microfluidics and Nanofluidics
  • 213 Accesses

Synonyms

Bioengineering; Biognosis; Bio-inspired design; Biomimesis; Biomimicry; Bionics; Biophysics; Biotechnology

Definition

Biomimetics can be defined as the application of methods and principles found in nature to modern science and engineering.

Overview

Biomimetics is a specific approach to engineering design. Advocates of this technique believe optimized solutions for ecological systems resulting from many years of natural evolution can provide today’s engineers with novel technologies. Julian Vincent, a well-established researcher and the director of the Centre for Biomimetics and Natural Technologies proclaims that there is only a 10 % overlap between biology and technology in terms of the mechanisms used [1]. This technological potential has resulted in innovative creations throughout history.

Possibly the most well-known application of biomimetics was by a Swiss inventor, George de Mestral, who observed the efficient manner in which cockleburs adhered themselves to clothing...

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References

  1. Hooper R (2004) Ideas stolen right from nature. Wired Nov 9. http://www.wired.com/science/discoveries/news/2004/11/65642. Accessed 27 Nov 2007

  2. Vincent F, Bogatyreva O, Bogatyrev N, Bowyer A, Pahl A (2006) Biomimetics: its practice and theory. J R Soc Interface 3:471–482

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  3. Clark J, Cham J, Bailey S, Froehlich E, Nahata P, Full R, Cutkosky M (2001) Biomimetic design and fabrication of a hexapedal running robot. Proc IEEE Intl Conf Robot Automat 4:3643–3649

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  4. Menciassi A, Accoto D, Gorini S, Dario P (2006) Development of a biomimetic miniature robotic crawler. Auton Robot 21:155–163

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  5. Wendell D, Patti J, Montemagno C (2006) Using biological inspiration to engineer functional nanostructured materials. Small 2(11):1324–1329

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  6. Runyon M, Johnson-Kerner B, Ismagilov R (2004) Minimal functional model of Hemostasis in a biomimetic microfluidic system. Angew Chem Int Ed 43:1531–1536

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  7. Cho S, Moon H, Kim C (2003) Creating, transporting, cutting, and merging liquid droplets by electrowetting-based actuation for digital microfluidic circuits. J Microelectromech Syst 12(1):70–80

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Correspondence to Dustin House .

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© 2014 Springer Science+Business Media New York

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House, D., Li, D. (2014). Biomimetics. In: Li, D. (eds) Encyclopedia of Microfluidics and Nanofluidics. Springer, Boston, MA. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27758-0_85-3

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27758-0_85-3

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  • Publisher Name: Springer, Boston, MA

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-642-27758-0

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