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Composite Nanoparticles

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Encyclopedia of Microfluidics and Nanofluidics
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Synonyms

Core/shell nanoparticles; Multifunctional nanocomposite; Quantum dot-quantum well (QDQW nanoparticles)

Definition

Composite nanoparticles are defined as the nanomaterials with composite structure which are constituted by two or more components of nanoscale with special physical and chemical properties.

Mutual contact interfaces exist between the respective components. The components with different functionalities have significant and strong mutual coupling effect on a nanometer scale. Thus, the composite nanoparticles are not simply integrating these components’ effects. The composite nanomaterials not only enhance intrinsic performance significantly but also show a variety of novel features and break the limitations of single-component properties. The composite nanoparticles have demonstrated excellent prospects in some important areas, such as development of new functional materials, effective utilization of new energy, wastewater treatment, and biochemical medicine.

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Acknowledgement

We gratefully acknowledge the support of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21036002) and the National Basic Research Program of China (2012CBA01203) on this work.

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Correspondence to Guangsheng Luo .

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Luo, G., Du, L., Wang, Y., Wang, K. (2014). Composite Nanoparticles. In: Li, D. (eds) Encyclopedia of Microfluidics and Nanofluidics. Springer, Boston, MA. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27758-0_243-3

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27758-0_243-3

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  • Publisher Name: Springer, Boston, MA

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-642-27758-0

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