Encyclopedia of Complexity and Systems Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Robert A. Meyers

Quantum Computing Using Optics

  • Gerard J. Milburn
  • Andrew G. White
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27737-5_431-3

Definition of the Subject

Quantum computation is a new approach to information processing based on physical devices that operate according to the quantum principles of superposition and unitary evolution (Deutsch 1985; Feynman 1982). This enables more efficient algorithms than are available for a computer operating according to classical principles, the most significant of which is Shor’s efficient algorithm for finding the prime factors of a large integer (Shor 1994). There is no known efficient algorithm for this task on conventional computing hardware.

Optical implementations of quantum computing have largely focused on encoding quantum information using single-photon states of light. For example, a single photon could be excited to one of two carefully defined orthogonal mode functions of the field with different momentum directions. However, as optical photons do not interact with each other directly, physical devices that enable one encoded bit of information to unitarily change...

Keywords

Entangle State Beam Splitter Quantum Computation Gate Operation Quantum Memory 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Engineered Quantum Systems and Centre for Quantum Computing and Communication Technology, School of Mathematics and PhysicsUniversity of QueenslandBrisbaneAustralia