Encyclopedia of Biometrics

Living Edition
| Editors: Stan Z. Li, Anil K. Jain

Face Recognition Standards

  • Patrick Grother
  • Dmytro Shevtsov
  • Elham Tabassi
  • Andreas Wolf
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27733-7_237-2

Synonyms

Definition

Openly documented data structures for universally interpretable interchange of facial imagery.

Biometric data interchange standards are needed to allow the recipient of a data record to successfully process data from an arbitrary producer. This defines biometric interoperability and the connotation of the phrase “successfully process” is that the sample, in this case, a facial image record, can be accurately identified or verified. This can only be achieved if the data record is both syntactically and semantically conformant to a documentary standard.

Introduction

Facial image standards are perhaps the oldest documented biometric data standards. Predating even the fingerprint, the facial image has been mandated for identity documents since at least the First World War when several European governments saw the need for a facial photograph to serve as the core element in the cross-border identity verification application. Of course, the data...

Keywords

Face Recognition Face Image International Civil Aviation Organization Face Recognition Algorithm Automate Face Recognition 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access

References

  1. 1.
    T. Kanade, Picture processing system by computer complex and recognition of human faces. Doctoral dissertation, Kyoto University, 1973Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    L. Sirovich, M. Kirby, Low dimensional procedure for the characterization of human faces. J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4 (3), 519–524 (1987)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    A.C. Service, Smartgate. Technical report (2007)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bundeskriminalamt, Face recognition as a search tool “foto-fahndung”. Technical report (2007)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    T. Frank, Face recognition next in terror fight. USA Today (2007)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    ISO/IEC JTC 1, SC37 Biometrics, ISO/IEC 19794-5:2005 Biometric Data Interchange Formats Face Image Data, 1st edn. (International Standard, 2005). A second edition was published in 2011. Both are available at http://www.iso.org/iso/home/store.htm
  7. 7.
    JTC1, SC29 Coding of Audio, Picture, Multimedia and Hypermedia Information, ISO/IEC 10918-1 Digital Compression and Coding of Continuous-Tone Still Images: Requirements and Guidelines, 1st edn. (International Standard, Geneva, 1994)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    JTC 1, SC29 Coding of Audio, Picture, Multimedia and Hypermedia Information, ISO/IEC 15444-1 JPEG 2000 Image Coding System: Core Coding System (International standard, Geneva, 2004)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    ICAO, Doc 9303, Part 1: Machine Readable Travel Documents Machine Readable Passports, 6th edn. (ICAO, Montreal, 2006)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    ICAO, Doc 9303, Part 3: Machine Readable Travel Documents Machine Readable Official Travel Documents, 3rd edn. (ICAO, Montreal, 2008)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Aamva national standard for the driver license/identification card (2000) AAMVADL/ID-2000Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    C. Wilson, P. Grother, R. Chandramouli, NIST special publication 800-76-1 – biometric data specification for personal identity verification. Technical report, National Institute of Standards and Technology (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    INCITSM1, Biometrics, ANSI INCITS 385:2004 Face Recognition Format for Data Interchange, 1st edn. (American National Standard for Information Technology, 2004). Available at http://webstore.ansi.org
  14. 14.
    JTC 1, SC29 Coding of Audio, Picture, Multimedia and Hypermedia Information, ISO/IEC 15948 Computer Graphics and Image Processing – Portable Network Graphics (PNG): Functional Specification, 1st edn. (International Standard, Geneva, 2004)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    V. Blanz, T. Vetter, Face recognition based on fitting a 3d morphable model. IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 25 (9), 1063–1074 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    J. Xiao, S. Baker, I. Matthews, T. Kanade, Real-time combined 2d+3d active appearance models, in Proceedings of the International Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), Washington, DC, 2004, vol. 2. pp. 535–542Google Scholar
  17. 17.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Patrick Grother
    • 1
  • Dmytro Shevtsov
    • 2
  • Elham Tabassi
    • 1
  • Andreas Wolf
    • 3
  1. 1.National Institute of Standards and TechnologyGaithersburgUSA
  2. 2.KP VTI PJSCKyivUkraine
  3. 3.Bundesdruckerei GmbHBerlinGermany