Monitoring of Diabetic Late Complication

Living reference work entry

Abstract

Secondary symptoms of long-lasting diabetes mellitus are diabetic neuropathy with sensory symptoms, motoric disturbances due to reduced nerve conduction velocity, and diabetic cataracts. Both are related to enhanced conversion of glucose to polyols, such as sorbitol, by the enzyme aldose reductase (van Heyningen 1959; Clements 1979). Sorbitol is converted to fructose by sorbitol dehydrogenase. A low activity of this enzyme enhances the accumulation of sorbitol, thus contributing to cellular damage. Inhibitors of aldose reductase have been developed with positive results in diabetic patients (Kador et al. 1985).

Keywords

Aldose Reductase Nerve Conduction Velocity Aldose Reductase Inhibitor Adipocyte Size Motor Nerve Conduction Velocity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References and Further Reading

Aldose Reductase Activity

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Measurement with Cataract Lenses

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Nerve Conduction Velocity

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Nerve Blood Flow (Doppler Flux); Electroretinogram

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Naphthalene-Induced Cataract

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Determination of Advanced Glycation End Products (AGE); Measurement of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) Production

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Communication Between Metabolically Relevant Cells

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Helmholtz Center MunichInstitute for Diabetes and ObesityMunichGermany

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