Euthanasia of Experimental Animals

  • Andreas W. Herling
Living reference work entry


Euthanasia means a gentle death and should be regarded as an act of a human method of sacrificing an animal with a minimum of physical and mental suffering. The method of euthanasia should be appropriate for the species and the age of the animals. The method should be painless, avoid excitement, and achieve rapid unconsciousness and death. Additionally, the method should be reliable, reproducible, and irreversible.


Microwave Irradiation Cervical Dislocation Human Method Hydrogen Cyanide Rapid Freezing 
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References and Further Reading

  1. Commission of the European Communities (1993) Recommendations for euthanasia of experimental animals. Final reportGoogle Scholar
  2. Erhard W, Scherer M, Greiner C, Blümel G (1985) Methods of low term anaesthesia in the rat. Z Versuchstierkunde 27:84Google Scholar
  3. Hellebrekers LS, Baumans V, Bertens APMG, Hartman W (1990) On the use of T61 for euthanasia of domestic and laboratory animals; an ethical evaluation. Lab Anim 24:200–204PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Rowan A (1992) More on decapitation and scientific research. Science and Animal Care 3:3Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sanofi-Aventis Deutschland GmbHFrankfurtGermany

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