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Acquired Mixed Hearing Loss

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Synonyms

Acquired hearing loss; Conductive and sensorineural hearing loss; Mixed hearing loss; Non-congenital mixed hearing loss

Definition

Acquired mixed hearing loss refers to combined conductive and sensorineural hearing losses which are not present at birth and/or develop after the first month of life (beyond the “neonatal” period).

Etiology

In addressing causes of mixed hearing loss, it is useful to divide discussion into conductive and sensorineural components – not only for diagnosis, but particularly as one considers potential treatment modalities.

Clearly, there can be many causes for mixed hearing loss (nearly any combination of conductive and/or sensorineural causes when combined can cause a mixed hearing loss). Table 1 lists many of these causes, categorized by type of hearing loss as well as anatomic location. Not emphasized here are congenital disorders causing mixed hearing loss (see Congenital Mixed Hearing Loss). Incidences of these pathologies vary greatly from...

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Acquired Mixed Hearing Loss, Fig. 1
Acquired Mixed Hearing Loss, Fig. 2
Acquired Mixed Hearing Loss, Fig. 3
Acquired Mixed Hearing Loss, Fig. 4
Acquired Mixed Hearing Loss, Fig. 5
Acquired Mixed Hearing Loss, Fig. 6
Acquired Mixed Hearing Loss, Fig. 7
Acquired Mixed Hearing Loss, Fig. 8
Acquired Mixed Hearing Loss, Fig. 9

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Acknowledgments

Special thanks to authors Saumil Merchant, Barton F Branstetter IV, and Barry E Hirsch for generous use of their images and illustrations and to Elizabeth Cornish AuD for audiometric illustration.

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Correspondence to Scott E. Bevans .

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Bevans, S.E., Chen, B.S., Crawford, J.V. (2013). Acquired Mixed Hearing Loss. In: Kountakis, S.E. (eds) Encyclopedia of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-23499-6_553

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-23499-6_553

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg

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