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Abbe Flap

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Cross-lip flap, Lip-switch flap


Two-staged cross-lip flap for lip reconstruction not involving the oral commissure. The pedicle containing the inferior of superior labial vessels is divided in the second stage, 2–3 weeks later.

Basic Characteristics

Lip reconstruction using a cross-lip flap was first described more than 250 years ago by Johann Hierzel (Vrebos et al. 1994). Sabittini was the first to detail lip reconstruction using a two-staged cross-lip flap to repair more central lip defects in 1837 (Tommaso 2009). Abbe was the first to describe this type of flap in the English literature in 1898 and now has his name linked to this type of lip reconstruction. In 1872, Estlanderdescribed a single-stage cross-lip flap that involved the oral commissure that was similar to that originally described by Hierzel. The Sabattini and Abbe cross-lip flaps were used for defects that did not involve the oral commissure, and therefore required a second stage to divide the...

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-23499-6_337
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Abbe Flap, Fig. 1
Abbe Flap, Fig. 2
Abbe Flap, Fig. 3
Abbe Flap, Fig. 4


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Correspondence to Eric J. Dobratz M.D. .

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© 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

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Dobratz, E.J. (2013). Abbe Flap. In: Kountakis, S.E. (eds) Encyclopedia of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

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  • Print ISBN: 978-3-642-23498-9

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