CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

2014 Edition
| Editors: The International Academy for Production Engineering, Luc Laperrière, Gunther Reinhart

Emergent Synthesis

  • Kanji Ueda
Reference work entry



Emergent synthesis draws a way of outlook on handling complex artifactual systems, where the local interactions between the artifacts of the system form the global behavior through bottom-up development to achieve the purpose of the whole system. The emerging global order of the system structure can be modified in a top-down way from the perspective of the global purpose to the artifacts. Thus, emergence-related approaches are developed with both bottom-up and top-down features offering efficient, robust, and adaptive solutions to the problem of synthesis. While taking into account the local and global goals, the artifacts have to build up their emerging behavior, resulting in the global order of the system. Behavior of the artifacts formed depends on the designer’s specification and creativity.

Theory and Application

Problem Difficulties in Synthesis

Emergent synthesis introduces three types of classes and their possible...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Teti R, D’Addona D (2006) Emergent synthesis in supply network tool management. Adv Eng Infor 20(3):233–246CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ueda K, Vaario J, Takeshita T, Hatono I (1999) An emergent synthetic approach to supply networks. CIRP Ann Manuf Technol 48(1):377–380CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ueda K, Markus A, Monostori L, Kals HJJ, Arai T (2001) Emergent synthesis methodologies for manufacturing. CIRP Ann Manuf Technol 50(2):335–365CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ueda K, Lengyel A, Hatono L (2004) Emergent synthesis approaches to control and planning in make to order manufacturing environments. CIRP Ann Manuf Technol 53(1):385–388CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Ueda K, Fujii T, Inoue R (2007) An emergent synthesis approach to simultaneous process planning and scheduling. CIRP Ann Manuf Technol 56(1):463–466CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Ueda K, Kito T, Takenaka T (2008) Modelling of value creation based on emergent synthesis. CIRP Ann Manuf Technol 57(1):473–476CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© CIRP 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The University of TokyoKashiwa, ChibaJapan