CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

2014 Edition
| Editors: The International Academy for Production Engineering, Luc Laperrière, Gunther Reinhart

Distributed Manufacturing

  • Katja Windt
Reference work entry



Two different interpretations of the term Distributed Manufacturing (DM) exist. The first one refers to the concept of creating value at geographically dispersed manufacturing locations of one enterprise (Kühnle 2010). The second interpretation of DM is in the context of Distributed Manufacturing Systems (DMS), which are defined as a class of manufacturing systems, focused on the internal manufacturing control and characterized by common properties (e.g., autonomy, flexibility, adaptability, agility, decentralization) (Sousa et al. 2000); examples for such DMS organizational structures are Holonic (Valckenaers et al. 1994), Bionic (Ueda 1993), and Fractal (Warnecke 1993) Manufacturing Systems.

Theory and Application

Evolution of the Term

The term “Distributed Manufacturing” originates from distributed systems. Distributed systems are also called distributed information systems and...

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Copyright information

© CIRP 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Global Production Logistics, School of Engineering and ScienceJacobs UniversityBremenGermany