CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

2014 Edition
| Editors: The International Academy for Production Engineering, Luc Laperrière, Gunther Reinhart

Complexity in Manufacturing

  • Waguih H. ElMaraghy
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-20617-7_6670

Synonyms

Definition

The original Latin word “complexus” signifies “entwined” or “twisted together.” The Oxford Dictionary defines “complex” as something that is “made of (usually several) closely connected parts.” A system would be more complex if more parts or components exist, and with more connections in between them (ElMaraghy et al. 2012).

Several different measures defining complexity have been proposed within the scientific disciplines. Such measures of complexity are generally context dependent. Colwell (2005) defines 32 complexity types in 12 different disciplines and domains such as projects, structural, technical, computational, functional, and operational complexity. Engineered systems complexity is invariably multidimensional. A complex system usually consists of a large number of members, elements, or agents, which interact with one another and with the environment. They may generate new collective behavior, the manifestation of which can be in one or more...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Colwell B (2005) Complexity in design. IEEE Comput 38(10):10–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. EIMaraghy W, Urbanic R (2004) Assessment of manufacturing operational complexity. CIRP Ann Manuf Technol 53(1):401–406CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. ElMaraghy H (2006) A complexity code for manufacturing systems. In: ASME international conference on manufacturing science & engineering (MSEC), Ypsilanti, MI, United States, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, pp 625–634Google Scholar
  4. ElMaraghy H, Samy SN, Espinoza V (2010) A classification code for assembly systems. In: 3rd CIRP conference on assembly technologies and systems, CATS2010, Trondheim, Norway, pp 145–150Google Scholar
  5. ElMaraghy W, ElMaraghy H, Tomiyama T, Monostori L (2012) Complexity in engineering design and manufacturing. CIRP Ann Manuf Technol 61(2):793–814CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Kim Y-S (1999) A system complexity approach for the integration of product development and production system design. Master of Science, Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyGoogle Scholar
  7. Kim S-G (2004) Axiomatic design of multi-scale systems. In: Proceedings of international conference on axiomatic design ICAD2004, 3rd international conference on axiomatic design, 21–24 June 2004, Seoul, KoreaGoogle Scholar
  8. Kuzgunkaya O, ElMaraghy H (2006) Assessing the structural complexity of manufacturing systems configurations. Int J Flex Manuf Syst 18(2):145–171CrossRefMATHGoogle Scholar
  9. Li M, Vitányi P (2008) An introduction to Kolmogorov complexity and its applications, 3rd edn. Springer, New YorkCrossRefMATHGoogle Scholar
  10. Suh NP (2005) Complexity in engineering. CIRP Ann Manuf Technol 54(2):581–598CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Tomiyama T, D'Amelio V, Urbanic J, ElMaraghy W (2007) Complexity of multi-disciplinary design. CIRP Ann Manuf Technol 56(1):185–188CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© CIRP 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Industrial & Manufacturing Systems Engineering (IMSE)University of WindsorWindsorCanada