CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

2014 Edition
| Editors: The International Academy for Production Engineering, Luc Laperrière, Gunther Reinhart

Eco-efficiency

  • Andreas Jørgensen
  • Michael Hauschild
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-20617-7_6637

Synonyms

Definition

The World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD), who has been instrumental in increasing the awareness of the eco-efficiency concept, has defined eco-efficiency as:
  • Creating more value with less environmental impact

In terms of a definition of the concept eco-efficiency, two equivalent definitions of eco-efficiency are provided: the ratio of value to environmental impact (WBCSD 2000), as in the definition above, and the inversed ratio of environmental impact to value (UN 2003).

Theory and Application

Depending on the application that is studied, the value and impact terms in the eco-efficiency definition can be different entities. The created value can be, e.g., a provided supply, a fulfilled function, a satisfied demand, or an added value. The environmental impact can be some measure of a specific type of impact...

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References

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  7. United Nations (UN) (2003) A manual for the preparers and users of eco-efficiency indicators. United Nations Publication UNCTAD/ITE/IPC/2003/7 (Sales No. E.04.II.D.13)Google Scholar
  8. World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) (2000) Ecoefficiency – creating more value with less impact. WBCSD, SwitzerlandGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© CIRP 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Management EngineeringTechnical University of DenmarkLyngbyDenmark