CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

2014 Edition
| Editors: The International Academy for Production Engineering, Luc Laperrière, Gunther Reinhart


  • Paul Vanegas
  • Jef Peeters
  • Joost Duflou
Reference work entry



Disassembly is a reversal process in which a product is separated into its components and/or subassemblies by nondestructive or semi-destructive operations which only damage the connectors/fasteners. If the product separation process is not reversible, this process is called dismantling or dismounting.

Theory and Application


Disassembly in its original meaning is as old as humankind; the oldest example of disassembly is the retrieval of animals’ parts by the first human beings for a wide variety of purposes. However, its industrial implementation was only accomplished at the end of the nineteenth century; main examples of this are the Chicago and Cincinnati slaughterhouses of the 1900s (Lambert and Gupta 2005). Some years later, the Ford Motor Company utilized the experience obtained in the slaughterhouse lines for the implementation of the first automobile assembly lines (McGovern and Gupta 2010). Here, the...

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Copyright information

© CIRP 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Industrial Management, Department of Mechanical EngineeringKU LeuvenHeverlee - LeuvenBelgium
  2. 2.University of CuencaCuencaEcuador