CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

2014 Edition
| Editors: The International Academy for Production Engineering, Luc Laperrière, Gunther Reinhart

Cleaner Production

Reference work entry



Cleaner production has been defined by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) (UNEP 2012) as “the continuous application of an integrated preventative environmental strategy to processes, products and services to increase efficiency and reduce risks to humans and the environment” (UNEP/DTIE/SCP 1990).

Theory and Application

Functional performance and purchase price have long been the key selection criteria for the purchase of new machine tools. Today, an evolution towards environmentally benign manufacturing can be observed that is stimulated by three drivers: more stringent regulatory mandates and standards (e.g., ISO 14955, ISO 50001), competitive economic advantage, and proactive green behavior (Gutowski et al. 2005).

Several complementary techniques and measures towards cleaner production can be applied, ranging from low- or even no-cost solutions to high-investment...
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Copyright information

© CIRP 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Industrial Management, Department of Mechanical EngineeringKU LeuvenHeverlee - LeuvenBelgium