CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

2014 Edition
| Editors: The International Academy for Production Engineering, Luc Laperrière, Gunther Reinhart

Product Life Cycle Management

Reference work entry



Product life cycle management aims to structure, design, plan, and develop company and business activities based on the guiding principal of sustainable development and a life cycle perspective. Targets are the minimization of costs and optimization of revenues, the minimization of environmental impacts, as well as the minimization of risks taking into account all stages of a product life cycle – from raw material extraction, manufacturing, distribution, and use until redistribution and recycling (Westkämper et al. 2000; Niemann 2003; Saur et al. 2003; Seliger 2004; Herrmann and Bergmann 2009; Herrmann 2010).

Theory and Application


Political and social awareness regarding national and global challenges forces manufacturing industries to transfer the vision of sustainable development into their business strategy and operations (Westkämper et al. 2000; Seliger 2004). The incorporation of sustainability...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Herrmann C (2010) Ganzheitliches life cycle management – Nachhaltigkeit und Lebenszyklusorientierung in Unternehmen [Holistic life cycle management – sustainability and life-cycle orientation in enterprises]. Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg (in German)Google Scholar
  2. Herrmann C, Bergmann L (2009) Total life cycle management – a system approach. In: Proceedings of the 16th CIRP international conference on life cycle engineering, May 4–6, 2006, Cairo, EgyptGoogle Scholar
  3. Niemann J (2003) Life cycle management – Das Paradigma der ganzheitlichen Produktlebenslaufbetrachtung [The life cycle management paradigm from a holistic viewpoint]. In: Bullinger H-J, Warnecke HJ, Westkämper E (eds) Neue Organisationsformen im Unternehmen [Novel forms of enterprise]. 2., neu bearb. und erw. Aufl. : Ein Handbuch für das moderne Management. Berlin, Springer, pp 813–826 (in German)Google Scholar
  4. Saur K, Donato G, Flores EC, Frankl P, Jensen AA, Kituyi E, Lee KM, Swarr T, Tawfic M, Tukker A (2003) Draft final report of the LCM definition study. In: UNEP/SETAC life cycle initiative, Version 3.6, November 17, 2003Google Scholar
  5. Seliger G (2004) Global sustainability – a future scenario. In: Seliger G (ed) Proceedings global conference on sustainable product development and life cycle engineering. September 29 – October 1, 2004, Berlin: uni-edition, pp 29–35Google Scholar
  6. Westkämper E, Alting L, Arndt G (2000) Life cycle management and assessment: approaches and visions towards sustainable manufacturing (keynote paper). CIRP Ann Manuf Technol 49(2):501–526CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© CIRP 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.TU BraunschweigBraunschweigGermany