CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

2014 Edition
| Editors: The International Academy for Production Engineering, Luc Laperrière, Gunther Reinhart

Environmental Impact Assessment

  • Michael Hauschild
Reference work entry



Environmental impact assessment is the assessment of environmental impacts that are caused by an activity or a decision.

The assessment of environmental impacts can be performed in different contexts of which three of a fundamentally different nature can be identified:

EIA – Environmental Impact Assessment is “… the evaluation of the effects likely to arise from a major project (or other action) significantly affecting the environment. It is a systematic process for considering possible impacts prior to a decision being taken on whether or not a proposal should be given approval to proceed” (Jay et al. 2007).

EIA is thus a process tool involving environmental analysis but typically also public hearing and entailing a comparison of alternatives. It is often required by environmental and planning authorities to be used prior to decisions about infrastructure changes or construction of major production facilities. In its analysis of environmental...

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© CIRP 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Management EngineeringTechnical University of DenmarkLyngbyDenmark