CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

2014 Edition
| Editors: The International Academy for Production Engineering, Luc Laperrière, Gunther Reinhart

Positioning

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-20617-7_6589

Synonyms

Definition

(Engineering) The act of putting a part in a certain place with the right orientation; placing or aligning in the appropriate location one component relatively to another.

Positioning can be done manually or automatically by a manipulation system, e.g., linear or rotation axis, robot, and pick-and-place system.

The term is also commonly used in other contexts, such as marketing and telecommunication, with different meanings.

Theory and Application

Positioning Systems

Positioning is one of the steps of the assembly process, which consists mainly in feeding, manipulating (including grasping, handling, and release), positioning, and joining. It is also a preliminary step for other fabrication processes, such as the positioning of the raw part in a manufacturing machine.

Positioning systems are fundamental in a wide range of fields, such as
  • Optical instrumentation
    • Continuous or raster scanning mirrors

    • Fiber nutation, detector...

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References

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Copyright information

© CIRP 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Industrial Technologies and AutomationCNRMilanItaly