CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

2014 Edition
| Editors: The International Academy for Production Engineering, Luc Laperrière, Gunther Reinhart

Coordinate Measuring Machine

Reference work entry


A coordinate measuring machine (CMM) is a device measuring spatial points on the surface of a workpiece (see ISO10360–1) (ISO 10360 2003–2011). This device can move the equipped probing system in the defined measuring volume for probing the measuring points. Probing systems acquire single points or series of points by scanning (Dutschke and Keferstein 2007; Pfeifer 2002; Schwenke et al. 2002; Weckenmann 2011; Weckenmann et al. 2004).

Theory and Application


Coordinate measuring machines (CMMs) were developed in the mid-1960s based on jig boring machines. They are designed to measure size, form, and position deviations of workpiece features within a short period of time and with a low measuring uncertainty (Christoph and Neumann 2004; DIN 1319 1995–2005; Dutschke and Keferstein 2007; ISO 1101 2004; JCGM 100:2008 2008; Pfeifer 2002; Savio et al. 2007; Weckenmann 2011; Wilhelm et al. 2001). Therefore, the structure of CMMs consists of mechanical machine assemblies,...

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Copyright information

© CIRP 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Bremen Institute of Metrology, Automation and Quality ScienceUniversitiy of BremenBremenGermany